Frankenstein by Mary Shelley

Rating: 4 stars

Category: Gothic

Synopsis: Victor Frankenstein is a scientist obsessed with the miracle of life. In an intricate but ghastly experiment, he endeavours to discover the nature of life itself by resurrecting a cobbled human corpse. The resulting creation haunts him from the secluded Scottish coastline to the breath-taking lakes of Switzerland, causing us to question the very nature of humanity…


The famous anecdote surrounding the origin of Frankenstein is that Mary Shelley was on holiday with friends, who challenged each other to write the most terrifying ghost story they could. However, Frankenstein is so much more than this. In fact, the novel has deep philosophical undertones, asking some highly thought-provoking and contentious questions.

One of the most strikingly memorable aspects of Frankenstein is the settings; beautifully depicted mountains, lakes, wildernesses and icy wastelands paint a rich picture in the imagination. A stark contrast is drawn between the flaws of humanity and the awe-inspiring natural world.

The unusual structure of the novel took me a while to get used to, with its stories within stories within stories. At first, I felt limited by the narrow perspectives this gives. However, as I progressed the structure added an element of intrigue as I wondered how the different stories all fit together. Shelley also uses a great deal of foreshadowing, but rather than destroying the suspense I felt that she instead creates a different kind of suspense. Although I knew what was going to happen, my pulse still beat faster – I felt I had no choice but to cling on, hurtling towards the next inevitable disaster.

The main character, Victor Frankenstein, is fundamentally pathetic. I found it very difficult to warm to him due to a self-centred ‘woe is me’ attitude that becomes frustrating. This is particularly the case as he takes very little positive action in the story; any form of ‘resolution’ is only ever a fickle change of attitude or partial reconciliation with his own guilt. However, my disdain for the main character did not undermine the value of the story. In fact, Shelley’s portrayal of him demonstrates a sharp understanding of human nature, making her bleak interpretation of it even more disturbing.

Victor Frankenstein’s obsession with the secret of creation causes us to wonder how far we should push human progress. The treatment of the ‘creature’ that is the abhorred result of his experiments makes for a jarring exploration of the extent of human cruelty. Meanwhile, its longing for affection and development from a state of childlike wonder to vengeful range demands consideration of what exactly makes us human.

Frankenstein remains a relentlessly dark, terrifying portrayal of the fine line between human and monster.

Favourite quote:

“The world to me was a secret, which I desired to discover; to her it was a vacancy, which she sought to people with imaginations of her own.”

Read if: you are intrigued by the idea of a classic gothic horror story with a thought-provoking twist.

Cover image courtesy of Goodreads.

Fan of the gothic? Why not try Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier?

If you want to share your opinion on Frankenstein, please feel free to comment below – I would love to hear from you!


3 thoughts on “Frankenstein by Mary Shelley”

  1. I’m really not a fan of the classics, although when a breaks through literary barriers, creates a new genre and her mother has written vindication of the rights of women in the late 1700’s, I think she deserves attention!

    That said, I took a while to read this and was drawn towards doing so after reading a 10 episode drama of it with my mature student English learners and by seeing a relay broadcast of the exceptional National Theatre portrayal featuring Benedict Cumberbatch as The Creature. Wow, what a performance and what a novel.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. It certainly is an amazing novel! Like you say, I admire the way Shelley consistently breaks down barriers, engaging in political and moral debates in a way that was completely unprecedented for women at the time. However, it’s rather bleak and perhaps that’s why I also struggled to read it quickly. The National Theatre production sounds impressive though, I’d not heard of that so will definitely be taking a look!

      Liked by 1 person

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