The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne: Psychologically Driven Classic

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Rating: Red StarRed StarRed Star

Category: Classics, Historical Fiction

Format: Audiobook (borrowed from library)

Content Warnings: Misogyny, public shaming, references to adultery


Hester Prynne’s husband is missing, presumed dead. Most believe he drowned on the voyage from Amsterdam to join her in New England. Yet getting pregnant out of wedlock is still enough to earn Hester a lifelong punishment – wearing the scarlet letter ‘A’ embroidered on her clothing so her shame can never be forgotten.

Cast to the margins of her Puritan village community, Hester lives in solitude and tries to raise her daughter Pearl away from prying eyes. When a newcomer to the village brings old secrets, she is forced to choose between a life of piety and redemption, or following her perilously taboo passions.


First Page Impressions

I’ll start with a warning – The Scarlet Letter features the most pointless prologue of any book I have ever read. Nathaniel Hawthorne essentially follows the somewhat worn-out trend of trying to present a fictional novel as a long-lost true story.

He somewhat labours the point, with endless descriptions of the dusty customs house where he ‘stumbles upon’ an embroidered scarlet letter and convenient explanatory manuscript.  This goes on for over an hour of the audiobook, at which point I was sorely tempted to DNF. Fortunately, I decided to persevere and see if this was going somewhere.

If you can get past the tedious preamble (or just skip it – doing so honestly won’t affect your understanding in any way) things are only going up from there, I promise!

The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne Book Review Pinterest Graphic

Final Page Reflections

The first chapter of The Scarlet Letter begins with Hester being publicly shamed following the birth of her daughter, Pearl, out of wedlock. I expected what followed to be a mystery of sorts, revealing the father of her child, but the tale that unfolded was something else entirely.

Although it isn’t strictly mysterious – Pearl’s father is revealed very early – the intrigue of The Scarlet Letter is never lost. Mostly, it is provided by a fascinating character exploration, including not just Hester herself but also Roger Chillingworth, a newly arrived doctor, and the reverend Arthur Dimmesdale. Their tumultuous emotions, guilt, and vengeful obsessions made for an intense and dramatic story.

Hawthorne’s historical setting also contributes to the atmospheric feel of this novel. The Scarlet Letter takes place in a Puritan village within the Bay Colony of Massachusets, New England in the 1600s. Reading depictions of this close-knit yet repressive community reminded me of why I love historical fiction.

While the symbolism of the actual scarlet letter which Hester wears may seem heavy-handed, it has enough nuance not to become repetitive. It begins as a symbol of Hester’s shame as an adulteress, but the meaning changes and shifts towards something more positive – passion? Independence? Resilience?


The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne Mood Cloud

Diversity and Representation

The Scarlet Letter can be described as proto-feminist, mainly because it portrays Hester as an emotionally complex character rather than simply a monstrous adulteress, which is about as much sympathy as could be expected when the novel was published in 1850.

Even then, Hawthorne’s book proved controversial, with some demanding that it should be banned on the grounds of moral outrage for not being more punitive towards the character of Hester.

Modern readers are far more likely to roll their eyes at the fact that a book which seems to have a female central character still manages to really be about the men in her life. Yet the themes of double standards and women’s lack of sexual autonomy are still painfully recognisable and relevant today.

The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne Quote

Fund Literacy, Care for the Environment

  • Fate versus free will
  • Tradition and taboo
  • Guilt/shame
  • Sex and gender
  • Community
  • Motherhood
  • Revenge
  • Religion

Beyond the Book

With a dramatic plot and evocative historical setting, it’s easy to see why The Scarlet Letter is popular for adaptations, including the 2015 film with Molly Wilson as Hester and, most famously, the 1995 version starring Demi Moore.

However, just by looking at the covers of the films it’s easy to see that they tend to downplay the book’s religious and moral intensity in favour of more overt sexual passions. Have the ethical conflicts of The Scarlet Letter lost their urgency in today’s more secular modern world?

The Scarlet Letter 1995 Film Starring Demi Moore Poster

Discussion Questions

  1. Can The Scarlet Letter be described as a proto-feminist novel? Or does its portrayal of Hester, however sympathetic, fall short of a radical call for changes in the treatment of women?
  2. If you were adapting this novel for a film, how would you go about it? Would you follow the 1995 version and treat it as a passionate love story, or would you choose another interpretation?
  3. Do you think The Scarlet Letter can still be considered relevant to the modern world? Why/why not?

Favourite quote:

“No man, for any considerable period, can wear one face to himself and another to the multitude, without finally getting bewildered as to which may be the true.”

Read if: You are intrigued by the thought of a psychologically driven classic.

Buy Now on Better World Books:

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If enjoy proto-feminist classics, take a look at Tess of the d’Urbervilles by Thomas Hardy.

Have you read The Scarlet Letter? What classics have you read for the first time lately? Let me know in the comments – I would love to hear from you!

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6 thoughts on “The Scarlet Letter by Nathaniel Hawthorne: Psychologically Driven Classic”

  1. Thanks for the warning re the prologue, it does sound like a case of style over substance. Having come across a fair amount of proto-feminist 19th century literature, I don’t think this novel is alone in still being predominantly about the men in a heroine’s life. I would say the nearest to what we may think of as modern feminism from the literature of this period is possibly the Odd Women by George Gissing. It does still contain marriages etc, but it also explores the potential options for unmarried women in late Victorian England. I think you might quite like it if this is a subject which interests you.

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Thank you for the comment – I hadn’t heard of George Gissing so will definitely take a look! It sounds quite subversive for the period. Really appreciate the recommendation, happy reading! 📚❤️ X x x


    1. Thank you for the comment Davida – so glad you enjoyed it! I’ve read A Room of One’s Own by Virginia Woolf but have yet to try any of her fiction. I’d love to hear your thoughts on Mrs Dalloway! 📚❤️ X

      Liked by 1 person

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